Garfield Peak (Crater Lake NP)

Aug 23, 2020, Rim Village

Arrival

I arrived just before sunset to Rim Village, having driven that day north from the Bay Area. The summer and Fall of 2020 will forever be known for two things on the West Coast: COVID and fires. Evidence of the latter hung in the air over Crater Lake, which seemed visibly thick with smoke. I felt as though I were standing on the edge of a massive cauldron.

That said, the smoke failed to prevent a clear sightline across the lake that evening. If anything the smoke seemed to enhance the sunset. Low-angled beams of light passed over the caldera rim and across the lake past Wizard Island. And the smoke betrayed a sharp line between the sun’s rays and the shadows beyond.

Sunset over Crater Lake, seen en route to Garfield Peak, with Wizard Island in the mid-ground.
Sunset over Crater Lake, seen en route to Garfield Peak, with Wizard Island in the mid-ground.

I spent perhaps a half hour, meandering along the ridge near Rim Village, working my way towards the Crater Lake Lodge and taking in the spectacular scene. Crater Lake had long been on my bucket list of top natural wonders in North America. And it did not dissapoint!

Eventually I made my way towards the Garfield Peak trailhead. The trail passed through an open meadow and then through trees to where the trail began to climb up the ridgeline. I only made it about a third of the way up. I didn’t intend to summit that evening, just to soak in the sunset.

A red sun tucking beneath the "smoke line", as seen from roughly a third of the way up Garfield Peak.
A red sun tucking beneath the “smoke line”, as seen from roughly a third of the way up Garfield Peak.

Crater Lake National Park

Crater Lake became the 5th US National Park in 1902 and remains the lone Oregon park. The lake is lined with dramatic, 1000+ foot steep walls, forming the rim of the “crater.” In fact “crater” is a misnomer—the entire site is actually a caldera. It formed when an ancient volcano, Mount Mazama, underwent a violent eruption. Its peak once stood roughly 12,000′ tall, rivaling the tallest cascade volcanos. In the eruption, an enormous chamber of magma beneath the mountain emptied out. With nothing left to support the mountain above, the entire structure collapsed downward, forming a rounded depression known as a caldera.

The lake itself is roughly 5.5 miles in diameter and over 1000′ deep. Snowmelt and runoff from the crater rim feed it, while very little water leaks or evaporates on an annual basis. But for the most part, it’s simply a giant, sealed tub of undisturbed, fresh water. Its depth and clarity lend the surface an enchantingly blue hue.

Wizard island, the larger of two islands in the lake, formed long after the major eruption. It grew from minor eruptions, over time, to rise above lake level. A few other similar cinder cones have formed, but remain below the lake surface. Wizard Island itself is a fairly impressive volcano, rising over 700′ above the lake’s surface. At its center is an actual crater, known as the Witch’s Cauldron.

An early start on Garfield Peak

I drove back down the side of the crater, towards Mazama Village at the southern end of the park. While the Crater Lake Lodge looked both nicer and more convenient to enjoying the park, it was also quite expensive! In addition to campgrounds, Mazama Village had some cute cabins with rooms at roughly half the rate. I was in bed early, and up before dawn, to return to the rim.

Heading up the trail towards Garfield Peak at dawn.
Heading up the trail towards Garfield Peak at dawn.

Then it was back up towards Garfield Peak. Instead of a sunset behind me, I was instead treated to a sunrise up ahead. My only complaint was the smoke: it was much thicker this morning!

Sunrise over Crater Lake and Wizard Island.
Sunrise over Crater Lake and Wizard Island.

Garfield Peak rises roughly 1000 vertical feet over Rim Village, and represents one of the highest points in the park. While nearby Scott’s Peak is substantially higher, it sits much farther back from the lake. Garfield thus represents the crowd favorite when it comes to views of the lake.

The trail runs roughly 3.5 miles, round trip. It’s quality and condition remains in line with any national park fan favorite: a wide, well-packed dirt ramp, with ample steps, stonework and switchbacks.

The trail to Garfield Peak runs along a prominent ridgeline over the lake, with ample switchbacks and stonework.
The trail to Garfield Peak runs along a prominent ridgeline over the lake, with ample switchbacks and stonework.

The trail rose ever-upward, remaining relatively close to the dramatic falloff into the lake below. This provided increasingly stunning views towards Wizard Island and the southwest portions of the lake. I saw just a couple other pairs of hikers, and a few deer, en route.

Smokey views from the Summit

Eventually, I reached the summit, where views to the north and east opened up. The smoke was now so thick, the far side of the lake remained out of sight. That said, it leant the whole scene an incredibly ethereal feel. In the distance, I could see tiny “Phantom Ship” island. Its rocky “sails” looked particularly ghostly in the smokey sunrise.

Left: Phantom Ship, the smaller of Crater Lake’s two islands, looking quite ethereal in the smokey sunrise. Right: Increasingly faint ridges falling off along the eastern shore of the lake.

I was also struck by the expansive views to the east (at least in the foreground, given the smoke). Gorgeous alpine meadows sloped down off from the rim towards the treeline. Overall, this was an excellent morning outing: a lot of bang for not too much buck. And a perfect introduction to Crater Lake. Up next, I’d drive along the eastern rim, to get a closer look at Phantom Ship.

Gently sloping meadows off the eastern rim of the lake.
Gently sloping meadows off the eastern rim of the lake.
Fellow hikers snap pics and rest up atop Garfield Peak at Crater Lake NP.
Fellow hikers snap pics and rest up atop Garfield Peak at Crater Lake NP.

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